Urinary Tract Infection
Antibiotics are primarily used to treat infections depending on resistance rates and risk of adverse effects. First-line treatment of uncomplicated cystitis and UTIs considers nitrofurantoin or trimethoprim, where some bacteria are resistant. Beta-lactam drugs are not used as initial treatment as they can cause resistance reducing their efficacy (Sihra et al., 2018). Also, fluoroquinolones can be used in second-line treatment among patients with allergies. The dose can be administered for five days to monitor resistance. However, symptom relief should be in the first 36hours after treatment has begun. Depending on the dosage duration, the drug’s effectiveness will be manifested in the first-line therapy drugs (Sihra et al., 2018). Nitrofurantoin and fosfomycin show high vitro activity in resistant areas, making the treatment highly recommended.