People in their day-to-day activities interact with bacteria all the time. Sometimes the bacteria lead to humans getting ill and requiring antibiotics to help them get healthy. Antibiotics are a type of medication that aims to destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria in the human body (Marchant, 2018). There are broad spectrums antibiotics are antibiotics that target to destroy many types of bacteria, while narrow-spectrum antibiotics are the type that targets only a few types of bacteria. Patients have prescribed the Target or narrow-spectrum because they aim to destroy or inhibit the growth of disease-causing bacteria only and not the bacteria that are useful to humans. Also, patients get prescribed narrow-spectrum antibiotics because using the antibiotic does not increase the resistance of bacteria.
The use of antibiotics can cause many side effects to patients when they use them. One of the main side effects is that it can cause bacterial resistance (Heta & Robo, 2018). Additionally, other side effects include diarrhea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, and in some patients, indigestion and bloating. Healthcare practitioners play an essential role in educating the public not to abuse the many over-the-counter antibiotics that can cause bacterial resistance in that when they use antibiotics, they are ineffective. Also, continual use of antibiotics, especially for a long time, can cause damage to the immune system and destroy the good bacteria in the body.
In conclusion, bacteria are either harmful or suitable to the human body. When they are toxic, they require the use of antibiotics. Even though antibiotics are good, they can lead to harmful side effects like vomiting, nausea, and loss of appetite. Hence, healthcare providers must educate the public on antibiotics’ importance and side effects.
Heta, S., & Robo, I. (2018). The side effects of the most commonly used group of antibiotics in periodontal treatments. Medical Sciences, 6(1), 6.
Marchant, J. (2018). When antibiotics turn toxic. Nature, 555(7697), 431-433.