The 5th amendment
The Fifth Amendment is based on principles of substantive due process. Under this principles, neither the Federal or state government would be able to limit an individual’s rights even after they have committed a crime without the due process being undertaken. Under this amendment, an individual has the right to be tried by a grand jury and prohibits double jeopardy where an individual would be tried by the same court over the same offence. This amendment protects an accused individual from self-incrimination by becoming his or her own witness
es. Besides that, an individual is not allowed to be deprived of their rights, property or life without due process. This amendment protects people who have been arrested from being discriminated or being harmed without proper investigations that would be able to uncover evidence against and for an arrested individual. This directs government machinery to investigate and retrieve evidence that would show substantive evidence against an individual to link them to a crime or an offence. This ensures that government facilities protect the rights of a suspect during trial. These measures have been set up to guarantee the rights of a suspect despite overwhelming evidence against them.