Personality Theory Descriptive summary

Personality Theory

Psychophysical systems in an individual’s body interact dynamically, resulting in their unique personality. The term “personality” refers to a person’s distinctive combination of features. Studying a person’s personality is among the most challenging intellectual pursuits. One of the main reasons for this is that everyone has distinct personality traits. The theory argues that a person’s personality is unique and cannot be compared to the characters of others. On the other hand, other theories feel that the study of a person’s features can lead to conclusions. They think that a group of people’s personalities may be grouped based on shared qualities. 

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Sigmund Freud thought that their inner wants drive a person’s character. He famously referred to internal desires as the critical components of an individual’s identity. Sigmund Freud’s personality theory split a person’s character into three components. Sigmund Freud believed that by studying the three aspects, one could accurately discern the sort of personality that an individual possesses (Breger et al, 2017). One of the three components of Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic personality theory is the id. Sigmund Freud refers to the id as the aspect in an individual’s personality that existing since that person was born. The psychoanalytic theory claims that the id is the most essential element of an individual’s personality. According to Cherry (2018), the id is also partially uncontrolled because it dwells in the unconscious mind. It governs a person’s instincts and their elementary conduct. 

People’s inner desires are influenced chiefly by their id. As stated by Sigmund Freud, the id is a result of a need for pleasure. If a person has a strong desire to achieve something, their actions will be focused on achieving that goal. For example, if someone feels hungry, the id will tell them to eat to fulfill their hunger. The id is crucial for a young child’s well-being because it ensures that they receive enough of the necessities of existence. It isn’t easy to regulate early in life, but as one ages, the capacity to manage one’s id improves (Cherry, 2018). The ego is the second component of the psychoanalytic theory of personality. According to Sigmund Freud, the ego is generated from the id. Connects the person’s basic desires to the reality of the world. According to Cherry (2018), one of the primary functions of the ego is to ensure that one’s inner wishes are met. A person’s inner wants can be satisfied if they conform to society’s standards to pursue those desires. When it comes to one’s self-awareness, there is no such thing as an “id” but rather an “ego.” Usually, one may say that one’s ego controls one’s ability to reason. When making a choice, an individual’s ego is exploited. Before directing a person’s will, it weighs the pros and cons of engaging in a particular activity. The superego is a concept introduced by Sigmund Freud in his psychoanalytic theory of personality. The superego is most concerned with maintaining high ethical standards (Cherry, 2018). Individuals are aided in their decision-making process when choosing between good and wrong by their superegos.

It is possible to identify all three psychoanalytic personality characteristics in my personality. The personality theory asserts that an individual’s personality is a complicated character that cannot be compared to another individual’s personality. Some of my life decisions may be traced back to the influence of all three variables. My id controls my inner wants, and hence my life’s path is determined by it. The ego is obsessed with determining whether or not I can accomplish what I want to do in this lifetime. One’s superego maintains ethical values. It guarantees that I am in line with the expectations of society.


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