Omani Women’s Rights between legislations and social practices:
It is well established that women and men are different, yet both have equal rights and duties as citizens as legislated by Omani decrees and laws. These changes challenge women’s traditional stereotypes. As per the yearly analysis of the United Nations Children’s Fund, women in the Sultanate of Oman have made significant advances in recent years. In health, education, employment, and a variety of civil and political rights, specific indices show significant progress. Justice, equality, and shura consultations are the foundations of governance and the cornerstones of all elements of political, economic, and social life, according to Omani ideology. Oman has transformed the fundamental position of women in the country, and as a result, previous laws have been revised to reflect this modern understanding of women’s rights. These reforms have been made to eliminate any conventional obstacles that prevent women from participating fully in Omani society. This essay will review specific laws that preserve women’s rights and compare them with social practice. Such laws profoundly highlight women’s rights, but some of them possess a misunderstanding in the context of women’s equality.
- The Basic Law of the State (101/96):
This law does not discriminate between males and females regarding social rights and obligations, nor occupations and public office. Social equality is the foundation upon which all Omani legislation asserts equal opportunities to citizens despite their gender. Article (17), for instance, empowers women of Oman with absolute and complete rights and duties in society. This law aims to assist the Omani community in letting go of old, damaging socio-cultural beliefs, notably those that discriminate against women. This equality/equity classification assures that both men and women in Oman have equal access to education, healthcare, security, work, marriage, inheritance, and inheritance. Acceptable religious, as well as societal principles, ensure all declared rights.