Nutrition in Cancer Patients
- Nutritional assistance has long been recommended as adjuvant therapy for many underlying conditions, notably operation and clinical oncotherapy for cancer. Malnutrition is widespread in people with cancer, and it harms their quality of life (QoL) and lifespan. Reduced food consumption, side effects from anticancer therapy, and inefficient metabolic processes are all causes that contribute to it. Cancer and its treatment potentially cause physiological and biochemical changes and a decline in quality of life. There have been significant advancements in the approaches and procedures utilized in the nutritional therapy of cancer patients and other disorders during the last two decades. Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is a safe and efficient way to get nutrients into your blood (Ravasco, 2019). Patients with chronic severe gastrointestinal dysfunction whose cancer is treated or non-progressive have found it to be life-saving.
- Nutritional intervention is required as a therapeutic adjuvant because it enhances nutrition metrics, muscle mass, symptoms, quality of life, and longevity. Nutritional counselling, with or without oral nutritional supplements, is the first line of defense. If it is expected that malnourished clients will not eat or obtain nutrients for a longer duration, or if the tumor itself affects oral intake, standards for intensifying dietary actions include 50% of consumption vs prerequisites for more than 1–2 weeks (Ravasco, 2019). N-3 fatty acids are potential nutrients. However, clinical trials with homogenous populations are needed to confirm the therapeutic advantages reported. Inadequate protein consumption is a common hallmark of cancer; new guidelines recommend greater protein consumption because of the potential benefits to therapy resistance and effectiveness. Further study into amino acids to prevent muscle atrophy is required. Minerals and vitamins should be taken in levels near the prescribed nutritional needs, with more significant quantities avoided.
- The agony related to chronic oral mucositis might make it difficult to eat correctly. Furthermore, taste alterations can develop due to chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Dietary consumption and body weight must be carefully scrutinized by a dietitian or other expert collaborating with informal caregivers. Whenever oral mucositis is prevalent, a gentle meal and solvent diet additives are more frequently absorbed than a regular diet (Ravasco, 2019). A gastrostomy tube is occasionally implanted prophylactically in patients likely to suffer severe mucositis. However, this differs widely from center to center. To people undergoing hematopoietic cell transplants, total parenteral nourishment is usually administered via urinary catheters, such as a Hickman line.
Ravasco, P. (2019). Nutrition in cancer patients. Journal of clinical medicine, 8(8), 1211. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0383/8/8/1211/pdf