Nursing Homework on Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects sugar regulation in the body. The difference between people with type 1 diabetes is that these people do not have the ability to produce insulin. In contrast, type 2 patients have insulin but do not have the ability to utilize and respond to the insulin appropriately. Many people with type 2 diabetes do not have revealed symptoms for many years, and their symptoms develop over time, with some even not showing symptoms at all until later in life when complications arise. In comparison, patients with type 1 diabetes have symptoms that develop quickly over weeks where these type mostly occurs to adolescents and at childhood (Haliloğlu et al. 2018). The two types of diabetes have different causes. People with type 1 diabetes have bodies that fight the healthy cells instead of foreign invaders, therefore destroying the insulin in the body. In contrast, type 2 patients have what we can call insulin resistance, where their bodies can still produce insulin but are unable to use the insulin produced to the advantage of their bodies. Gestational diabetes and type 1 diabetes are different since gestational diabetes is a condition that affects women who are pregnant when their bodies are unable to fully utilize insulin, while type 1 diabetes happens because the body is not able to produce insulin at all (McIntyre et al. 2019).
Whether we have diabetes or not, nutrition and fitness is necessary for better health and happier disease-free lives (Ratul & Mostaqem2019). Eating and limiting other types of food is necessary for a better battle against diabetes. These foods may include sugary and starchy foods which raise blood sugar levels, but when taken in the right amounts, these foods can assist in maintaining a good sugar level. Short-term effects of type 2 diabetes may include hypoglycemia which is also known as blood glucose and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome (HHNS), and long terms effects include diabetic retinopathy, kidney disease, diabetic neuropathy, and macrovascular problems. Some drugs used by diabetic patients may have effects such as dizziness, headaches, rashes, anxiety, cough, and dry mouth.
Haliloğlu, B., Abalı, S., Buğrul, F., Çelik, E., Baş, S., Atay, Z., … & Bereket, A. (2018). The distribution of different types of diabetes in childhood: a single-center experience. Journal of clinical research in pediatric endocrinology, 10(2), 125.
McIntyre, H. D., Catalano, P., Zhang, C., Desoye, G., Mathiesen, E. R., & Damm, P. (2019). Gestational diabetes mellitus. Nature reviews Disease primers, 5(1), 1-19.
Ratul, M. H., & Mostaqem, M. (2019). Fight Diabetes.