Identity 2: gender
Gender refers to characteristics of women, men, boys, and girls which are socially constructed. These characteristics include norms and behavior and roles associated with being a woman, a man, a boy, or a girl. Standards and conduct impact how the members named above do relate.
In society, there are expectations on how men and women are expected to behave, groom, and present themselves. These behaviors are based upon our assigned sex. For example, women and girls are expected to dress in an accommodative and welcoming way. They are describing feminists as nurturing and polite Ways. Men are expected to be generally robust, aggressive and portray courage. Every ethnic group in society has gender expectations which can be very different from one group to another. In the united state, pink was considered masculine while blue was supposed to be feminine.
Gender Stereotypes can cause unfair treatment because of a person’s gender which is called sexism. Women are expected to be accommodative and emotional, while men should show confidence and aggressiveness based on personal traits. On domestic behaviors, women are expected to take care of children and clean and cook. In contrast, men are expected to provide security, do some repairs, take care of finances, and do other complex jobs in society. In terms of occupation, men assume professionals like pilots, engineering, and doctors, while women are expected to take nursing, teachers, and secretarial jobs. The sex-role ideology is viewed according to one’s beliefs about the men and women’s role in society (Lindsey, L. L. (2020). The traditional view men were considered more important than women, but the modern ideologies acknowledge that no sex is more important than others. This has now changed the role that was believed to be for a particular gender being done by all the gender. In the united state, adults’ beliefs are more liberal than in other nations. The gender role affects how males ad females perform in education. In the workplace, women who have ventured into male-dominated careers like engineering are considered incompetent when they fail.
Gender identity is mainly developed from childhood. The social learning theory explains that children develop their gender identity by copying and imitating gender-linked behavior. When they are rewarded or punished for behaving in that way, they get shaped to know which behavior they should take and the one to drop. The people surrounding children as they grow to play a more significant role in monitoring their gender behavior. Gender identity typically develops when children are in their second year. They become so curious about the physical differences between their bodies at this age. At the age of three years, most of them can term themselves as either a boy or a girl.