PRELIMINARY LITERATURE REVIEW.
The review concentrates on a literature evaluation linked to the research goals.
2.2 Diagnosing Genetic Disorders and Birth Defects
Carlson et al. (245) assert that several different birth abnormalities can be detected during conception. Prenatal ultrasound scans may assist a healthcare expert in detecting some birth abnormalities in gestation. Blood testing and amniocentesis (getting a specimen of amniotic fluid) are more in-depth screenings procedures that may be used. These diagnostics are often provided to females who have a greater risk of pregnancies due to a parental background, extended reduced fertility, or other recognized concerns. Prenatal testing can assist in establishing whether the woman has an infection or another disease that could affect the baby.
After the baby is delivered, a physiological checkup and auditory examination may assist the clinician in discovering birth abnormalities (Carlson et al., 245). A blood test known as the newborn baby screening may assist clinicians in detecting specific birth abnormalities early after birth before signs appear. It is critical to understand that prenatal testing does not always detect abnormalities when they are existent.